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BAU设计丨将景观融入生活,发展可宜居持续城市

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Jiangyin is on the Yangtze, the world’s busiest working river. The city is regenerating part of its industrial docklands as a high density live-work district. Stage one of this major project is the creation of a 4km public realm along the river edge. The design was selected through invited competition.

江阴坐落于水运繁忙的“黄金水道”长江之畔,目前正致力于将其部分工业码头改造为高密度的生活-工作区。这一改造项目的第一阶段正是沿着江边再造一个长达4公里的公共区域。该项目业主通过邀请竞赛抉择最佳设计,BAU的方案脱颖而出。

Ambitions 设计目标:

1. re-establish indigenous eco-system corridors;

2. preserve the industrial character;

3. maintain presence of the historic past;

4. introduce leisure infrastructure for the new era

5. link beyond the site for the emergence of a city park network.

(1)重建本土生态系统长廊

(2)保留当地的诗意工业特征

(3)保存当地历史风貌

(4)引入符合新时代趋势的休闲设施

(5)连接外部区域形成城市公园网络


1. Soft edges and eco corridors 柔和边界与生态长廊

The Yangtze at this location is tidal. This project rehabilitates, preserves, enhances and extends a raft of microhabitats. Complexity of the existing river edge is formally maintained, enhanced and secured with loose rock scaled for habitat. A new corridor of indigenous trees and plants weaves through the project’s length to connect the Ebizui mountain ecological node to the east with the canal eco corridor towards the west.

不断涨落的长江潮水滋养了江阴滨江区域丰富的生态文化。滨江公园的建成对该地区的微生境而言,不仅是一种修复与还原,还是进一步的提升与扩充。江河边缘的复杂性通过岩石固定得以加强与稳固。一条由当地绿植贯穿的长廊连接了整个项目,将东边的鹅鼻嘴山与西边的生态长廊串联一体。


2.Post-industrial poetics 后工业时代的诗意

The vast worn concrete wharves are colored by the brown earth washed down the Yangtze. Overlooking the two-kilometer river from the prosaic empty docks presents an overwhelming scale and sense of the sublime. This design preserves even the most brutal of structures. Necessary new interventions on and around the wharves share the scale, robustness and clarity of this industrial context. Whilst the future district promises to be filled with vibrancy, and much of the landscape is rich in complexity, the wharf edges provide a rare escape.

在长江日夜不息的冲刷中,经久磨损的广阔码头已被染成棕色。立于码头,远眺无边江面,迎面而来的是宏伟江流与磅礴庄严之势。作为扬子江造船厂的原址,滨江公园承载了江阴船舶制造工业的历史,因此我们在设计中保留了其最原始而野蛮的框架结构。围绕码头进行的干预措施使原有工业环境的巨型规模、健壮性和清晰度得以保留。当未来这片区域遍布植被与丰富的景观时,充满活力的工业码头必将为居民提供一片逃离世俗繁杂的休憩地。

江阴市滨江公园

江阴市滨江公园

3.Continuity with the Past 历史的延续

Palimpsest – Ship Building Park

Whilst the majority of the site was open and flat for stockpiling raw materials, the eastern portion of the site was recently a functioning ship building facility. The design strategy maintained traces of the site’s history and overlaid a number of ecological, circulation and programmatic layers. The result is a complex palimpsest supporting inclusive and diverse open spaces and activities.

重写——船厂公园

发达的水运和便于储存货物的开阔平坦地势使这片江边码头成为天然港口区,不过在改革开放后,码头东面曾建造为设施齐全的船厂。如今的设计不仅保留了该区域的历史痕迹,还从生态、流线及规划等层面对其进行了提升。最终呈现的结果便是一份当地历史与环境的复杂重写本,容纳各式公共空间并支持兼收并蓄、多种多样的户外活动。


The history layer includes ship slipways; gantry cranes and rails; ship building factory structures; jetties; a Chinese garden; a tree lined road; and numerous other artefacts. Other layers across the site include: connections (pedestrian paths, bike paths, water boardwalk, extensions of views to and from the site, and paths from the new districts – all maximizing links between the city and the water); active leisure (sports courts and skate park); play (children’s adventure playground in the form of a ship, and elderly exercise area); social gathering (large plaza, visitor center, and large pavilions); relaxation (small pavilions, intimate seating, picnic tables, and  ship interpretation installation); and ecological (rain gardens, water edge habitats, eco-corridor).

区域内留存的历史痕迹包括:船舶的下水滑道、龙门起重机及其轨道、船厂建筑、防浪堤、中式园林、被树包围的小道及其他众多文物。其他层面则包括:联结(步道、自行车道、水上木板路、场地内外视野的延伸以及新区域的路径等都使城市与水系的联系更加紧密);休闲(运动场及滑板公园);娱乐(船型的儿童探险游乐场和老年锻炼区);社交(开阔广场、游客中心与大型展览馆);休憩(小亭子、座椅、野餐桌和船型解说台);生态(雨水花园、水边栖息地及生态长廊)。

江阴市滨江公园


Three Historic Ports

Jiangyin’s origins as a port city date back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). Research revealed the location of three historic ports. The site of Huang Tian Port, reputedly dating back nearly 2000 years, has been developed as the dockland’s major open space for public events. Interpretive mapping of the Yangtze River is integrated in its paving. Historic Jiu Cai Port has been named and restored in its most recent iteration, as industrial port. A new restaurant designed as an urban hill provides a lookout point. Shiyu Port dates from the 1500s and was a renowned fish market. The new landscape here establishes a plaza, park, and fish restaurant. An integrated paving artwork provides further interpretation.

三个历史港口

江阴的港口历史可追溯至唐代(公元618-907年)。研究揭露了当地三个历史港口的位置:黄田港,据说其形成于近2000年前,如今被开发成港区的主要公共活动空间,地面铺装上则加入了对长江的解说地图。韭菜港的最新版本是修复后的工业港,一个被设计成起伏山丘的餐厅为居民提供了远眺台。鲥鱼港,曾是当地知名鱼市,历史可追溯至16世纪,通过新的景观设计,这里建立了广场、公园和鲜鱼餐厅,并提供与鲥鱼港相关的信息和解说。


4.new era of leisure 休闲新时代

After a hiatus of nearly fifty years China is prospering and its citizens are rediscovering all variety of leisure pursuits. This landscape introduces opportunities for the very young to the very old. It is the city’s largest playground. Linked by a 4km jogging track are dozens of outdoor sports courts and frequent gym equipment stations for public use. A more leisurely path weaves the length of the site and connects several large children’s playgrounds, a skate park, and numerous groupings of exercise equipment for the elderly. Frequent throughout the landscape are dancing plazas, a popular local pursuit. A host of pavilions, tables for games, and lawns for picnics, tents and programs yet to come. The park ushers in a novel, exotic era of health and play.

自改革开放起,中国迈入高速发展期已近50年,中国国民也不断探索多样的休闲娱乐活动。从稚嫩儿童到年迈长辈,滨江公园的景观设计为各个年龄段的人都提供了适宜的娱乐场所,这也使其成为江阴最大的乐园。公园内,一条4公里长的慢跑跑道连接了数十个户外运动场和健身器材场所;另一条更为随性的小径贯穿其间,将数个大型儿童游乐场、一个滑板公园和大量老年运动设备联结。考虑到广场舞的广泛流行,我们还在公园内设置了多个舞蹈广场。此外,大量凉亭、游戏桌、野餐草坪、帐篷都在这里有所归属,未来还将有其他多样的活动空间。这将使当地居民进入一个新奇有趣的健康娱乐时代。

江阴市滨江公园

江阴市滨江公园

江阴市滨江公园

5.Emerging park network 新兴的公园网络

The bicycle path in this docklands park has initiated a 20km bicycle loop tracing existing and proposed lineal parks in the city. Linking the disparate parks with this loop, or greenway, brings about an accompanying ecological link. An extensive eco-system network is emerging. Pedestrian paths extend along the Yangtze either way. To the east a narrow boardwalk has been installed to enable people to pass around the steep mountain edge. The docklands park is also designed to smoothly connect to the urban district under construction. The circulation of the foreshore is coupled with the urban circulation. Plazas and city-river view corridors are located on street axis from where landscape paths radiate.

滨江公园内的自行车道是一条20km自行车环路的起点,这条环路贯穿江阴市,沿途连接了市内已建成或处于规划中的线性公园。公园间的这种连接也是一种生态上的联结,一片广阔的生态系统网络正在涌现。人行步道沿着长江水岸延展,东面设置的栈道带领人们通往陡峭的山崖。

滨江公园的设计同时也是码头区域与城市建设区的连接。滨江环流与城市环流结合,景观路径自街道轴线向外延伸,各式各样的广场与城市-河流景观长廊正沿这条轴线分布,在江阴市内构建了一片新兴的公园网络。

江阴市滨江公园

BREARLEY (AUSTRALIA) PTY LTD

BAU is an architecture, urban design, urban planning, and landscape architecture practice driven by values embedded in progressive eastern and western philosophies. Our design processes, practice, and projects include an understanding and appreciation of international design practice and culture. Founded in 1992 in Melbourne Australia, today BAU has offices in Australia and China.

澳大利亚BAU/彼爱游建筑城市设计咨询(上海)有限公司

BAU于1992年创立于澳大利亚墨尔本,于1998年进驻中国。BAU已在五百多个项目业绩中体现出其独特的设计风格及核心竞争力,博采世界先进设计理念与技术,结合中国本土文化,对中国项目的流程有深刻的理解和丰富的实战经验。在城市设计、建筑设计、景观设计和室内设计各个领域均有卓越成就,已建成项目近100个。

Led by partners James Brearley and Fang Qun, BAU is a multi-disciplinary team integrating all aspects of the built environment. At BAU we are focused on innovative solutions to contemporary built environment issues to achieve multi-dimensional design outcomes that are not only environmentally sustainable but, culturally, socially, and economically sustainable as well. Cost effective built environments that promote the engagement of its citizens, not only with all the city has to offer, but also with each other.

在创始人詹姆斯· 布莱利和其合伙人的带领下,BAU已发展了一支可以整合建筑环境领域并在全方位训练有素的专业团队。BAU专注于在时代建筑大环境下探索创新的设计方案,在当代的建筑环境中实现多维度的设计成果,注重设计作品对社会、经济、文化和环境的可持续发展。BAU坚持设计以人为本,推崇人与建筑环境的互动以及人与人在建筑环境中的互动。


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